The cross as a Christian symbol or "seal" came into use at least as early as the second century (see "Apost. 17; Epistle of Barnabas, xi.-xii.; Justin, "Apologia," i. cum Tryph." 85-97); and the marking of a cross upon the forehead and the chest was regarded as a talisman against the powers of demons (Tertullian, "De Corona," iii.; Cyprian, "Testimonies," xi. Christians used to swear by the power of the cross Catholics, Orthodox Catholic, Oriental Orthodox, members of the major branches of Christianity with other adherents as Lutheranism, some Anglicans, and others often make the Sign of the Cross upon themselves.
This was already a common Christian practice in the time of Tertullian.
She's dated more millionaire's than you can shake a (solid gold) stick at, but that doesn't stop Geri Halliwell recycling her wardrobe!
The Spice Girls star was spotted out with new beau Christian Horner, wearing a cream crochet dress by Parisian fashion label Sandro, which she also wore last summer.
The cross-shaped sign, represented in its simplest form by a crossing of two lines at right angles, greatly predates the introduction of Christianity, in both East and West.
It goes back to a very remote period of human civilization.
A symbol similar to the cross, the staurogram, was used to abbreviate the Greek word for cross in very early New Testament manuscripts such as P66, P45 and P75, almost like a nomen sacrum (nomina sacra).
An inscription in Greek on the obverse contains an invocation of the redeeming crucified Christ.
Geri and Anton started dating before Christmas 2012 after being introduced at a party by friends, when relationship quickly developed, with the couple enjoying a romantic trip to Rome, dinner dates in London and a day out shooting in the Berkshire countryside.
It then emerged the millionaire entrepreneur – who founded gambling consultancy Greenlaw Limited and whose previous girlfriends are understood to have included Jimmy Choo co-founder Tamara Mellon – was still married to Russian model and dancer Zoryna Ayzenshtat.
It is supposed to have been used not just for its ornamental value, but also with religious significance.
It may have represented the apparatus used in kindling fire, and thus as the symbol of sacred fire or as a symbol of the sun, denoting its daily rotation.
Geri's dress is now sold out, but you can get her look for as little as £22 with our edit of the high street's coolest crochet dresses.