The idea of a political party took form with groups debating rights to political representation during the Putney Debates of 1647.
After the English Civil Wars (1642–1651) and the Glorious Revolution of 1688, the Bill of Rights was enacted in 1689, which codified certain rights and liberties.
They argued that all people are created equal and therefore political authority cannot be justified on the basis of "noble blood", a supposed privileged connection to God or any other characteristic that is alleged to make one person superior to others.
They further argued that governments exist to serve the people—not vice versa—and that laws should apply to those who govern as well as to the governed (a concept known as rule of law).
It may have a parliamentary system (Australia, Canada, India, Ireland, Italy and the United Kingdom), a presidential system (Indonesia and the United States), or a semi-presidential system (France and Romania).
Liberal democracies usually have universal suffrage, granting all adult citizens the right to vote regardless of race, gender or property ownership.
The Bill set out the requirement for regular elections, rules for freedom of speech in Parliament and limited the power of the monarch, ensuring that, unlike much of Europe at the time, royal absolutism would not prevail.
The liberal democratic constitution defines the democratic character of the state.
These ideas and beliefs inspired the American Revolution and the French Revolution, which gave birth to the ideology of liberalism and instituted forms of government that attempted to apply the principles of the Enlightenment philosophers into practice.
Neither of these forms of government was precisely what we would call a liberal democracy we know today (the most significant differences being that voting rights were still restricted to a minority of the population and slavery remained a legal institution) and the French attempt turned out to be short-lived, but they were the prototypes from which liberal democracy later grew.
The more vigorous, effective, and broadly legitimate South Korea's democracy, the weaker are the culturalist arguments that liberal, multiparty competitive institutions do not fit with “Asian values.
”South Korea enters the twenty-first century with a twelve-yearold democracy that has weathered the crucial tests of a major economic crisis and alternation of national power from the ruling party to a lifelong opponent of authoritarian rule who was nearly put to death by the military.
Liberal democracies are likely to emphasise the importance of the state being a Rechtsstaat, i.e. Governmental authority is legitimately exercised only in accordance with written, publicly disclosed laws adopted and enforced in accordance with established procedure.