Dating british gold hallmarks Teens live cam in belleville

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A hallmark is an official mark or series of marks struck on items made of metal, mostly to certify the content of noble metals—such as platinum, gold, silver and in some nations, palladium.In a more general sense, the term hallmark can also be used to refer to any distinguishing characteristic.In 1300 King Edward I of England enacted a statute requiring that all silver articles must meet the sterling silver standard (92.5% pure silver) and must be assayed in this regard by 'guardians of the craft' who would then mark the item with a leopard's head.In 1327 King Edward III of England granted a charter to the Worshipful Company of Goldsmiths (more commonly known as the Goldsmiths' Company), marking the beginning of the Company's formal existence.

In some nations, such as the UK, the hallmark is made up of several elements, including: a mark denoting the type of metal, the maker/sponsor's mark and the year of the marking.From the Late Middle Ages, hallmarking was administered by local governments through authorized assayers.These assayers examined precious metal objects, under the auspices of the state, before the object could be offered for public sale.By the age of the Craft Guilds, the authorized examiner's mark was the "master's mark", which consisted frequently of his initials and/or the coat of arms of the goldsmith or silversmith.At one time, there was no distinction between silversmiths and goldsmiths, who were all referred to as orfèvres, the French word for goldsmith.Signatory countries each have a single representative hallmark which would be struck next to the Convention mark which represents the metal and fineness.

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