) is an island country situated in the Caribbean Sea.
Spanning 10,990 square kilometres (4,240 sq mi) in area, it is the third-largest island of the Greater Antilles and the fourth-largest island country in the Caribbean.
Jews were expelled from Spain in 1492 and then forcibly converted to Christianity in Portugal, during a period of persecution by the Inquisition.
Some Spanish and Portuguese Jewish refugees went to the Netherlands and England, and from there to Jamaica.
The Irish in Jamaica also formed a large part of the island's early population, making up 2 thirds of the white population on the island in the late 17th century, twice that of the English population.
They were brought in as indentured labourers and soldiers after the conquest of Jamaica by Cromwells forces in 1655, The majority of Irish were transported by force as political prisoners of war from Ireland as a result of the ongoing Wars of the Three Kingdoms at the time.
When Christopher Columbus arrived in 1494, there were more than 200 villages ruled by caciques (chiefs of villages).
Named , the island remained a possession of Spain until 1655, when England (later Great Britain) conquered it and renamed it Jamaica.
Andrew Holness has served as the head of government and Prime Minister of Jamaica from March 2016.
Jamaica is a parliamentary constitutional monarchy with legislative power vested in the bicameral Parliament of Jamaica, consisting of an appointed Senate and a directly elected House of Representatives.
An early group of Jews arrived in 1510, soon after the son of Christopher Columbus settled on the island.
Primarily working as merchants and traders, the Jewish community was forced to live a clandestine life, calling themselves "Portugals".
The Spanish were forcibly evicted by the English at Ocho Rios in St. In the 1655 Invasion of Jamaica, the English, led by Sir William Penn and General Robert Venables, took over the last Spanish fort on the island.