Aside from radiocarbon dating, ISO/IEC 17005-accredited Beta Analytic also provides biobased/renewable carbon content testing to manufacturers, product distributors, and researchers worldwide for biobased products, biofuels, waste-derived fuels and their combustion emissions (CO2 gas).The lab also uses Carbon-14 analysis for natural product source testing on materials such as flavors, fragrances, essential oils, cosmetics and supplements to identify petrochemicals.Some evidence is also presented to show that radiometric results that are in agreement with the accepted geological time scale are selectively published in preference to those results that are not in agreement.The geological time scale and an age for the Earth of 4.5 b.y.The lab also offers C: N, %C and %N measurements on collagen extracted from non-cremated bones in addition to δ15N and δ13C at no additional cost for samples sent for radiocarbon dating.The lab also provides stable isotope analyses on a standalone basis.
a popularly accepted “universal constant” even though the foundations on which it was based have been virtually removed.
It has forwarding offices in Australia, Brazil, China, Japan, South Korea, Taiwan, and the UK.
Beta Analytic’s radiocarbon dating fees are inclusive of δ13C measurements by Isotope Ratio Mass Spectrometry (IRMS) and calendar calibration when applicable, δ18O for carbonates, and δD (deuterium) and δ18O for water.
Up until 1972 these could be explained as being contaminated with radiogenic lead from uranium and thorium decay.
In 1972, however, Gale showed unequivocally that there is by no means sufficient uranium and thorium to account for what could previously have been called radiogenic lead.
The values they assumed were based on the lead isotope ratios observed for three meteorites.