Aside from radiocarbon dating, ISO/IEC 17005-accredited Beta Analytic also provides biobased/renewable carbon content testing to manufacturers, product distributors, and researchers worldwide for biobased products, biofuels, waste-derived fuels and their combustion emissions (CO2 gas).The lab also uses Carbon-14 analysis for natural product source testing on materials such as flavors, fragrances, essential oils, cosmetics and supplements to identify petrochemicals.It is probably because of this type of evidence for extensive mixing in the alteration zone that Patterson “In view of the evidence for extensive mixing, it would seem contrary to the facts to postulate differing frozen lead/uranium ratios that have existed for billions of years.
Higher ratios are formed as the lead is fed by ageing uranium ore bodies. old lead fed continuously by uranium occurs at a lead-206 to lead-204 ratio of 18.5, which is taken as the present ratio for common lead. 3 since they have negative ages, that is, ages extending billions of years into the future, in some cases. Therefore the ores lying in the time clock zone are not necessarily any more a reflection of age than those lying in the alteration zone and ones lying in the alteration zone cannot possibly be time indicators.
They estimated the age of the Earth by substituting the lead isotope ratios of certain meteorites in the Holmes-Houtermans equation.
In this equation the primordial lead ratios are required.
The lab also offers C: N, %C and %N measurements on collagen extracted from non-cremated bones in addition to δ15N and δ13C at no additional cost for samples sent for radiocarbon dating.
The lab also provides stable isotope analyses on a standalone basis.
Since the lead in meteorites can no longer be ascribed to uranium/thorium decay, it may also be taken to represent primordial lead.