The natural areas of the coastal plain are part of the Middle Atlantic coastal forests ecoregion.
The bays tend to be oval, lining up in a northwest to southeast orientation.
It is generally hilly, with thin, stony clay soils, and contains few areas suitable for farming. Due to the changing economics of farming, much of the land is now reforested in Loblolly pine for the lumber industry.
These forests are part of the Southeastern mixed forests ecoregion.
South Carolina is the 40th most extensive and 23rd most populous U. The Greenville-Anderson-Mauldin metropolitan area is the largest in the state, with a 2016 population estimate of 884,975.
South Carolina is named in honor of King Charles I of England, who first formed the English colony, with Carolus being Latin for "Charles".
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