Mare’s milk was drunk by the Scythians, the Mongols, and the Arabs. Geldings were used for work and as ladies’ riding horses.
Recently, however, geldings generally have replaced stallions as riding horses.
Its place was at its master’s side in the graves of the Scythian kings or in the tombs of the pharaohs.
The relationship of the horse to humans has been unique. It has plowed fields and brought in the harvest, hauled goods and conveyed passengers, followed game and tracked cattle, and carried combatants into battle and adventurers to unknown lands.
But this ability is remarkable enough in its own right, for the cues are often given unconsciously by the human trainer, and detection of such subtle signals requires extremely sharp perception.
The horse, like other grazing herbivores, has typical adaptations for plant eating: a set of strong, high-crowned teeth, suited to grinding grasses and other harsh vegetation, and a relatively long digestive tract, most of which is intestine concerned with digesting cellulose matter from vegetation.
Young horses are known as The primitive horse probably stood 12 hands (about 120 cm, or 48 inches) tall at the withers, the high point on the back at the base of the neck, and was dun coloured (typically brownish to dark gray).
Domestic horses gone wild, such as the mustangs of western North America, tend to revert to those primitive features under random mating: they generally are somewhat taller (about 15 hands), are usually gray, dun, or brownish in colour, and move in herds led by a stallion.
In the stallion these teeth are arranged as follows on the upper and lower jaws: 12 incisors that cut and pull at grasses; 4 canines, remnants without function in the modern horse and usually not found in mares; 12 premolars and 12 molars, high prisms that continue to grow out of the jaw in order to replace the surfaces worn off in grinding food.light horses—the saddle or riding horses—which fall in the intermediate size range.