In 2000 a new Latin alphabet was adopted for Tatar, but it is used generally on the Internet.Turkmen, written 1940–94 exclusively in Cyrillic, since 1994 officially in Roman, but in everyday communication Cyrillic is still used along with Roman script.Distribution of the Cyrillic script worldwide as of 2008.The dark green shows the countries that use Cyrillic as the one main script; the lighter green those that use Cyrillic alongside another official script.Some of Russia's peoples such as the Tatars have also tried to drop Cyrillic, but the move was halted under Russian law.A number of languages have switched from Cyrillic to other orthographies—either Roman‐based or returning to a former script.Some of these are illustrated below; for others, and for more detail, see the links. Non-Slavic alphabets are generally modelled after Russian, but often bear striking differences, particularly when adapted for Caucasian languages.The first few of these alphabets were developed by Orthodox missionaries for the Finnic and Turkic peoples of Idel-Ural (Mari, Udmurt, Mordva, Chuvash, and Kerashen Tatars) in the 1870s.
South Slavic Cyrillic alphabets (with the exception of Bulgarian) are generally derived from Serbian Cyrillic.
Bulgarian and Bosnian Sephardim without Hebrew typefaces occasionally printed Judeo-Spanish in Cyrillic.
The following table lists the Cyrillic letters which are used in the alphabets of most of the national languages which use a Cyrillic alphabet.
Numerous Cyrillic alphabets are based on the Cyrillic script.
The early Cyrillic alphabet was developed in the First Bulgarian Empire during the 9th century AD at the Preslav Literary School by the disciples of the Byzantine theologians Cyril and Methodius.
The Cyrillic alphabet was then borrowed by neighboring countries (e.g.